That’s because workers are willing to accept smaller pay increases for the convenience of working from home. In turn, that helps moderate business costs and slow what economists call the wage-price spiral — when companies pass higher expenses on to consumers in the form of higher prices.
About four in 10 companies said they have expanded opportunities to work remotely to lessen pressure on their labour budget over the past year, and a similar number expect to do so over the next 12 months, a working paper from the University of Chicago showed.
The authors found it would reduce wage growth by 2 percentage points over two years.
“This moderating influence lessens pressures and [modestly] eases the challenge facing monetary policymakers in their efforts to bring inflation down without stalling the economy,” the authors wrote.
The report’s authors include Stanford University’s Nicholas Bloom, the University of Chicago Booth School’s Steven Davis and Brent Meyer, an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
The 2 percentage-point labour savings for employers translates to $206bn, a separate analysis conducted by Mr Davis said. That is based on the $10.3 trillion in total wages and salaries paid to US employees in 2021, figures from the Bureau of Economic Analysis showed.
Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said during June 22 congressional hearings that officials “anticipate that ongoing rate increases will be appropriate” to cool the hottest price pressures in 40 years”.
Steep interest rate rises could potentially tip the US economy into a recession, he said, and managing a so-called soft landing would be “very challenging”.
The authors made clear that their analysis is not “grounds for complacency” about near-term inflation pressures.
“Our evidence says only that the challenge is somewhat less daunting than suggested” by some economists, they wrote.
“The key thing is the reduction on inflation, which is a huge issue for Jerome Powell and setting interest rates,” Mr Bloom said.
The analysis could provide some macroeconomic support for remote-work advocates, who also cite previous research from Mr Bloom and other academics that have found the practice can improve job satisfaction and even lower quit rates without harming productivity.
In earlier research, Mr Bloom found that US workers would be willing to take a 6 per cent pay cut to work from home two three days a week.
On the other side, those pushing for workers to get back to the office often claim that collaboration and innovation can suffer if workers are not together enough.
The debate is playing out everywhere from Silicon Valley to Wall Street. Tesla chief executive Elon Musk has told his employees to get back to their desks or find work elsewhere, which unnerved employees at Twitter, the remote-friendly company Mr Musk wants to acquire.
Apple recently backed away from a plan to have workers in three days a week, after some staff complained. Goldman Sachs Group chief executive David Solomon has called remote work an “aberration”, while JPMorgan Chase chief Jamie Dimon has said it’s no substitute for in-person collaboration and idea generation.
The combined impact of higher borrowing costs and so-called quantitative tightening is expected to come at some cost to jobs. Unemployment was near a 50-year low at 3.6 per cent last month, but wage growth has not kept pace with inflation.
With fears of a recession mounting and employers starting to resort to hiring freezes or even layoffs, there is a growing sense that employees might need to get back to the office more often to stay in the good graces of their bosses.
Still, demand for remote work remains strong: FlexJobs, a job site focused on flexible work arrangements, attracted more than three million visits in May, an increase of 18 per cent compared with the same month last year, researcher Similarweb said.
Updated: June 25, 2022, 5:30 AM